Our Heritage & Timeline Legendary Moments Through History

The Story of Pebble Beach Resorts

Pebble Beach Resorts is known worldwide for stunning oceanfront locations, peerless quality, outstanding service and legendary golf. This timeline highlights the events that have led to our celebrated acclamation as “the greatest meeting of land and sea.”

1880

Pacific Improvement Company 1880

1880

Pacific Improvement Company, headed by the “Big Four” of railroad fame—Charles Crocker, Leland Stanford, Collis Huntington and Mark Hopkins—open Hotel Del Monte near Monterey. Eleven years earlier, these ambitious gentlemen led the completion of the Trans-Continental Railway with the driving of the “Golden Spike.” Tourists now arrive on the Monterey Peninsula via Southern Pacific’s Del Monte Express.

scenic 17-Mile Drive in 1881

June 2 1881

The Pacific Improvement Company opens scenic 17-Mile Drive along the majestic coast that hugs what is now Pebble Beach Company’s Del Monte Forest.

Hotel Del Monte burns to the ground in 1887

April 1 1887

Hotel Del Monte burns to the ground, but is quickly rebuilt and the official re-opening is held in 1888.

1890

“Del Monte” on their canned food products 1891

1891

Hotel Del Monte, having built a reputation for fine taste, licenses Oakland Preserving Company the right to use “Del Monte” on their canned food products. The food brand continues to be quite successful.

“Del Monte” on their canned food products 1891

May 1 1897

Del Monte Golf Course opens as a 9-hole golf course, making it the oldest golf course west of the Mississippi still on its original site. In 1903, it was made into an 18-hole golf course.

1900

first toll for 17-Mile Drive in 1901

1901

Pacific Improvement Company collect their first toll for 17-Mile Drive, charging liverymen from Monterey and Pacific Grove $0.25 per person to access the Drive.

announcement for a summer resort at Pebble Beach in 1907

1907

Pacific Improvement Company announces plans for a summer resort at Pebble Beach, with coastal lots available for $500 to $2,500.

Original lodge in 1909

August 28 1909

The original lodge (made of logs) opens to serve meals to travelers on 17-Mile Drive.

1910

Samuel F.B. Morse

1915

Pacific Improvement Company hires the entrepreneurial 29-year-old Samuel F.B. Morse, distant cousin of the inventor of the Morse Code, to liquidate all of the Company’s land holdings.

1916

1916

Heinrich Schmidt wins the Western Golf Association Amateur Championship at Del Monte Golf Course, marking the first time the event is played west of the Continental Divide.

A fire destroys The Lodge in 1917

1917

A fire destroys The Lodge. Morse convinces Pacific Improvement Company to rebuild a “modern” lodge, rather than recreate what he called the old “log lodge.”

the new Lodge and Pebble Beach Golf Links open in 1919

1919

Samuel F.B. Morse forms Del Monte Properties Company and buys the 18,000-acre Del Monte unit including Hotel Del Monte, The Lodge at Pebble Beach and two golf courses.

Both the new Lodge and Pebble Beach Golf Links open. The main part of The Lodge is still here after 95 years.

1920

main building of Hotel Del Monte burning

September 27 1924

The main building of Hotel Del Monte burns to the ground. Dynamiting the connecting loops during the fire saves the wings built in 1888. They remain to this day with a rebuilt main building, which opened in 1926.

Harry “Light Horse” Cooper at Pebble Beach Golf Links

December 1926

Del Monte hosts the 1926 Monterey Peninsula Open on Pebble Beach Golf Links, putting up a $5,000 purse and attracting most of the top golfers—professionals and amateurs—in the country. Harry “Light Horse” Cooper of Texas wins with a 72-hole score of 293, five over par.

Bobby Jones shaking hands on the golf course

1929

Pebble Beach hosts its first “Major”: the U.S. Amateur. Field favorite Bobby Jones ties for medalist honors but loses his first 18-hole match. Minnesota’s Harrison Johnston bests the field with a 4 & 3 win in the final 36-hole match against Oscar Willing.

1930

filming of Anna Karenina man and horse on field

1934

Hollywood brings Imperial Russia to Monterey, using the Del Monte Equestrian fields for the filming of Anna Karenina, starring Greta Garbo. This is but one of dozens of movies filmed in the area.

Man instructing woman on golf swing

August 1935

In the heart of the Depression, Pebble Beach Golf Links hosts the California State Open after a long hiatus. Pebble Beach head professional Cam Puget wins the event on his home course, pocketing the $300 first place money. Pebble Beach hosts the event again in 1936 and 1948.

Joyce Wethered golfing

December 1935

Three-time British Women's Amateur Champion Joyce Wethered made stops at the Del Monte and Pebble Beach courses as part of a worldwide exhibition tour.

1940

Betty Jameson and trophy

September 1940

The USGA returns to Pebble Beach for the 1940 U.S. Women’s Amateur, which is won by defending champion Betty Jameson. The USGA also schedules the 1942 U.S. Men’s Amateur for Pebble Beach Golf Links, but it is canceled due to World War II.

Salvador Dali in bed

1941

Artist Salvador Dali designs an elaborately decorated costume party at Hotel Del Monte.

naval pre-flight school mess hall

September 1943

The U.S. Navy leases Hotel Del Monte as a naval pre-flight school “for the duration” of the war. Morse changes the corporate focus form the large hotel to the operation around Pebble Beach.

Bing Crosby

January 1947

The Bing Crosby National Pro-Am golf tournament is played for the first time at Pebble Beach (after being played for six years at Rancho Santa Fe before World War II).

Skee Riegel

September 1947

The U.S. Amateur returns to Pebble Beach and is won by Skee Riegel.

U.S. Navy buys Hotel Del Monte from the Del Monte Properties Company

1948

The U.S. Navy buys Hotel Del Monte from the Del Monte Properties Company for $2.2 million. It is now the Naval Postgraduate School.

Grace Lenczyk and trophy

September 1948

The U.S. Women’s Amateur returns to Pebble Beach. It is won by Grace Lenczyk.

1950

first annual Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance

1950

The first annual Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance is held at The Lodge at Pebble Beach in conjunction with the short-lived (1950 – 1956) Pebble Beach Road Races.

Camera crew at the Bing Crosby National Pro-Am

January 1958

For the first time, television covers the Bing Crosby National Pro-Am. Bing Crosby hosts the broadcast of the final round live from the 18th green.

1960

Jack Nicklaus holding trophies

September 1961

Pebble Beach again hosts the U.S. Amateur, attracting one of the top international showings to date, as it follows just weeks after the Walker Cup is held in Seattle. Jack Nicklaus sees Pebble Beach Golf Links for the first time and decides he likes it—defeating Dudley Wysong 8 & 6 in the final match.

Golfers on Spyglass Hill Golf Course

1966

Spyglass Hill Golf Course opens. The names given to most of the holes are derived from Robert Louis Stevenson’s classic novel Treasure Island.

Samuel F.B. Morse

1969

Samuel F.B. Morse, who became known as “the Duke of Del Monte” dies at age 83, along with an era.

1970

Jack Nicklaus on golf course

1972

Pebble Beach Golf Links hosts its first U.S. Open golf championship. Jack Nicklaus wins by 3 strokes with a 2-over par 290.

Del Monte Properties Company executives

January 1977

Del Monte Properties Company reincorporates as Pebble Beach Corporation.

Lanny Wadkins winning PGA Championship tournament

August 1977

The Company hosts its first PGA Championship tournament. Lanny Wadkins wins on the third hole of sudden death.

Men putting up The Lodge sign at Pebble Beach

1978

After the financial success of the movie Star Wars, Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation purchases Pebble Beach Corporation and reorganizes it as Pebble Beach Company.

Del Monte Lodge is renamed The Lodge at Pebble Beach.

1980

Tom Watson and Jack Nicklaus

June 1982

The U.S. Open is held at Pebble Beach Golf Links for the second time. It features the battle between Tom Watson and Jack Nicklaus and the most talked about shot in golf. Watson needs birdie to win but completely misses the 17th green. To accomplish his mission, he sinks his legendary chip shot. He also birdies 18 and defeats Nicklaus by two strokes with a 6-under par 282.

Lone Cypress Guardian Angel Mrs. Larkey standing by tree

1984

The Lone Cypress is a victim of arson; forest resident and “Lone Cypress Guardian Angel” Mrs. Larkey calls PBC security in the middle of the night, just in time to save the tree.

AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am golf tournament ad

January 1986

The Crosby Clambake becomes the AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am golf tournament.

The NCGA opens Poppy Hills Golf Course.

The Inn and Links at Spanish Bay

November 1987

The Inn and Links at Spanish Bay opens.

1990

Jack Nicklaus

1990

Ben Hogan Properties, under the ownership of Japanese businessman Minoru Isutani, purchases Pebble Beach Company.

In preparation for the 1992 U.S. Open, Jack Nicklaus is hired as a consultant on a project that includes rebuilding greens 4, 5 and 7 of Pebble Beach Golf Links.

Taiheiyo Golf Club of Japan purchases Pebble Beach Company

March 1992

Taiheiyo Golf Club of Japan purchases Pebble Beach Company and continues the Morse tradition of stewardship of the land.

Tom Kite holding trophy

June 1992

Pebble Beach Resorts hosts the U.S. Open for the third time. Under brutal winds, Tom Kite shoots an incredible par round and wins his first major with a 3-under 285.

1998

1997

Pebble Beach Company constructs the new 5th hole of Pebble Beach Golf Links, as designed by Jack Nicklaus. It opens for use in November, during the Callaway Golf Pebble Beach Invitational.

The gates at Casa Palmero

July 1999

Casa Palmero opens in July. A group of American investors, headed by Peter Ueberroth, purchase Pebble Beach Company from The Lone Cypress Company, just in time to host the 99th U.S. Amateur Championship.

Twenty-year-old David Gossett of Tennessee defeats 17-year-old Korean champion Sung Yoon Kim 9 & 8 to become the U.S. Amateur Champion.

2000

2000

February 2000

The Spa at Pebble Beach opens.

Tiger Woods golfing

June 2000

The U.S. Open returns for the 100th playing of the championship. Tiger Woods captures the trophy, besting his nearest competitor by 15 strokes and tying the lowest 72-hole score ever in the national championship.

aerial view of Pebble Beach Golf Links named the No. 1 Golf Course in America

2001

Golf Digest ranks Pebble Beach Golf Links as the No. 1 Golf Course in America—the first time a public course has been so honored.

2010

Man golfing at U.S. Open Championship at Pebble Beach Golf Links

June 2010

The U.S. Open Championship returns for the fifth time to Pebble Beach Golf Links. A number of course enhancements—all under the direction of legendary Arnold Palmer—are completed to strengthen player appreciation, heighten the challenge and exceed guest and championship expectations.

It is an amazing week and quite a celebration at Pebble Beach Resorts. Congratulations to Graeme McDowell, the 2010 U.S. Open Champion.

In a championship where a score of par is the most meaningful, the 30-year-old McDowell posts an even-par 284 for the 72 holes to become the first European winner since England’s Tony Jacklin in 1970.

The Bench restaurant

2012

The Bench restaurant opens in August. Symbolizing the iconic location where the current ownership group agreed to acquire Pebble Beach Company in 1999, The Bench features a dining experience marked by stunning views of the 18th hole at Pebble Beach Golf Links, a casual atmosphere featuring outdoor dining and fire pits and an eclectic internationally inspired menu using a wood-roasted cooking technique.

Aerial of Pebble Beach site of the 2018 U.S. Amateur

2018

In 2018, the U.S. Amateur at Pebble Beach is set to return.

The USGA’s relationship with Pebble Beach goes back almost to the beginning of the Links themselves. Pebble Beach hosted the U.S. Amateur in 1929, 1947, 1961 and 1991, and the U.S. Women’s Amateur in 1940 and 1948. The 1942 U.S. Amateur was scheduled for Pebble Beach, but was cancelled because of World War II.

U.S. Open Championship 2019 Pebble Beach

2019

Pebble Beach Golf Links and the USGA again will celebrate a centennial together, when the U.S. Open Championship returns for a sixth time in 2019.

Pebble Beach, which hosted the USGA’s centennial U.S. Open in 2000, will welcome the championship in 2019, when the legendary course is celebrating its own centennial anniversary.

Pebble Beach Company: A Celebrated Heritage Since 1919

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